Pittsburgh owes so much money...
By 2003-04, in the wake of suffering mass traumatic population loss, Pittsburgh voluntarily entered into State Act 47 Financial Distress status -- due to high debt to the banks, and due to mushrooming pension, workman's comp and other workforce costs.
At the dawn of Act 47, Pittsburgh cut the City's workforce and services way down. Firefighters, police officers, laborers and administrators accepted early retirements or were laid off, pools and recreation centers were closed and resources withdrawn. It was painful, shocking to many. But since that first wave, there have been few further cutbacks.
Eventually in interacting with the Act 47 Coordinators and with the ICA, Pittsburgh managed to get a lid on its debt to the banks -- meeting payments steadily, not borrowing anew for many years, receiving credit upgrades. It looks forward at this rate to having paid off a fair chunk of that debt by 2018.
However, Pittsburgh never made any progress on the mushrooming pension and other prior workforce obligations.
Near midnight on Jan. 1, 2011, a State repossessions vehicle was backed up against the City County Bldg., threatening not to leave until it had either a $220 million check made out to the City's own pension funds, or seized power to make all our pension fund investment decisions for us and enforce a payment plan of its own formula for most of the entire $700 million we are unfunded. Then come what may.
(Mayor Luke Ravenstahl said we ought to get the sought-after $220 million ransom for pension fund, and get as much again to play around with, to boot, by trading away the City's metered parking spaces and our public garages to a private firm backed by J.P. Morgan. City Council said, "Nah.")
At midnight Pittsburgh asked to the repo men from the State, "How about this. Here is the City's extra-last $40 million rainy day fund, all up front, and here is a revised payment schedule to start making up the balances. Sound good?"
An extra $13 million the first couple years, and extra $26 millions thereafter... a future payment schedule "equaling" the $220 million up-front required to make the pension fund merely half-full.
The State replied, "Ugh. Sounds good. Man, I hate you guys."
|Utah Mud Wars|
To connect this with our reality, the City's annual capital budget for road work and neighborhood projects required a bailout recently. Although Pittsburgh certainly had improved its credit profile by refraining from borrowing for a long time, the City did finally borrow $80 million in order to top off the "capital budget" during 2012 and 2013 budget years at previous levels. But that money is now dried up, and presuming the pattern does not shift, we will continue to be impacted by this increased need of roughly $40 million more annually for roads, repair and rebuilding.
Consider the two together, and Pittsburgh will walk into future budgets with an approximately $53-66 million of increased annual tug-of-war budget pressure. Zero-sum squabbling, re-wringing the sponge, and scraping together efficiencies.
Here are several things that Act 47 has enabled the City do:
1) It puts a box around the raises that can be sought in collective bargaining (generally about 2-3%) based on the City's ability to pay.
2) Has ensured that employees pay a small percentage of their health care premiums.
3) Has ensured that workers compensation claims be verified by doctors approved by the City.
4) Created a new trust fund called "Other Post-Employment Benefit" for everything not covered by either pensions or worker's comp.
Every point is helping saving the City a ton of money in the current framework already.
Disengaging from the Act 47 financial relationship while our operating and capital budgets are experiencing increasing pressures of the pension tsunami seems inadvisable.
(Fleeing Act 47 with the intention also of embarking on something like a major police hiring spree, at a time of low general crime stats and problems implementing some targeted public safety initiatives, seems reflective of an alarming pattern of financial and/or political instincts.)
Thankfully we do benefit from the relationship with the State, and retain a fighting chance at balancing the books even while maintaining City services and providing workers with good pay, benefits and protections, if we make the right decisions. The improvement on the debt side allows for encouraging headlines and the ability to borrow more cheaply, but the wolves are at the door in as far as our contractual obligations to our workforce.
Pittsburgh's financial recovery is decidedly half-finished. Let's not turn around and go back.